India is renowned for two significant aspects: its rich cultural history and the exquisite traditional gold jewellery adored by Indian women. Indian women take great delight in adorning themselves with traditional gold jewellery, from head to toe. Certain jewellery pieces hold immense significance on auspicious occasions, as they are believed to invite good luck and prosperity. Gold jewellery is a popular investment and a cherished gift for loved ones during special events. These exquisite pieces symbolize power, prosperity, social status, immense wealth, and financial security, serving as an asset during economic uncertainties.
Here is a list of traditional gold jewellery that Indian women love to wear, along with their significance:
- Head Jewellery – Maangteeka and Mathapatti: These traditional headpieces have a chain attached to a beautiful pendant. The pendant’s size can vary from small to large. The maangteeka has a hook at the end of the chain, ensuring it stays securely in the hair. On the other hand, Matha Patti is a headgear adorned with chains and strings, featuring a maangteeka in the center. These headpieces are worn on the forehead’s central portion, believed to be the location of the sixth chakra, responsible for soul protection.
- Traditional Hair Jewellery – Jadanagam: This hair ornament is predominantly worn in South India, complementing braided hairstyles. Jadanagams come in various designs featuring patterns of the sun, moon, flowers, and buds. The ornament is secured from the back of the head to the tail of the braid. It symbolizes brilliance and power.
- Earrings – Earrings crafted from gold and silver are available in diverse sizes, colors, and designs. Both women and men cherish them. Varieties such as jhumkas, balis, kanvelis, and sahara chains adorn the ears. It is believed that wearing earrings promotes overall well-being.
- Neck Jewellery – Gold necklace sets come in many designs and forms, reflecting various traditions. Gold choker neckpieces, long rani haars, and specific Maharashtrian jewellery such as kolhapuri Saaj and mohan mala. As necklaces are close to the heart, they are believed to regulate blood pressure, and heart rate, and strengthen emotions and love.
- Nose Jewellery – Nose pins or rings are traditional jewellery pieces in different sizes, shapes, and colours. Each culture has its unique types, with women wearing smaller ones daily and traditional ones on special occasions. Examples include the Shikarpuri Nath from Punjab, Nathni adored in Rajasthan and Gujarat, and the guchhedar nath of Maharashtrian jewellery. Nose piercing is believed to promote a woman’s health, and in many cultures, it is celebrated as a significant ritual.
Traditional gold jewellery in India holds deep cultural significance, representing beauty and adornment and the values, traditions, and beliefs of the diverse Indian heritage. These traditional gold jewellery pieces are treasured for their aesthetic value and connection to Indian culture, rituals, and beliefs. They serve as a testament to the rich heritage and traditions of the country, bringing forth a sense of pride and identity. Whether worn on special occasions or as part of daily attire, these jewellery pieces hold immense importance in the lives of Indian women, embodying timeless beauty and cultural significance.